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Vinayak Narahari Bhave (Bhave, Vinoba)

Born: 1895 AD
Died: 1982 AD, at 87 years of age.

Nationality: Indian
Categories: Nationalist


1895 - Born on the 11th of September in Gagode, Maharashtra. Indian nationalist leader and land reformer.

       - Associated with Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian independence movement.

1916 - He abandoned his high-school studies to join Gandhi's ashram (ascetic community). Gandhi's teachings led Bhave to a life of austerity, dedicated to improving Indian village life.

1932 - He was sent to jail by the British colonial government because of his fight against British rule.

       - He gave a series of talks on the Gita, in his native language Marathi.

1940 - Chosen by Gandhi to be the first Individual Satyagrahi, against the British rule.

1951 - Bhave's idea of the land-gift movement was conceived, when, while he was touring villages in the province of Andhra Pradesh, a landholder offered him an acreage in response to his appeal on behalf of a group of landless untouchables, or Harijans (low-caste Hindus).

1953 - Bhave's original project and his philosophy of life are explained in a series of articles collected and published as Bhoodan Yajna.

1958 - First recipient of the international Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership.

       - Vinoba spent the later part of his life at his ashram in Paunar, Maharashtra.

1975 -  Bhave maintained a vow of silence over the issue of the involvement of his followers in political agitation.

1979 - As a result of a fast, he secured the government's promise to enforce the law prohibiting the killing of cows (animals sacred to Hinduism) throughout India.

1982 - Vinoba Bhave died on 15th of November after refusing food and medicine.

1983 - He was awarded the Bharat Ratna.





Page last updated: 2:21am, 09th Aug '07