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Berthollet, Claude Louis, Count

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Born: 1748 AD
Died: 1822 AD, at 73 years of age.

Nationality: French
Categories: Chemists

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1748 - Born on the 9th of December in Talloires, near Annecy, France. French chemist.

         - He discovered potassium chlorate.

         - Studied first at Chambery and afterwards at Turin, where he graduated in medicine.

1772 - Became the private physician of Philip, duke of Orleans.

1780 - He was admitted into the Academy of Sciences.

1785 - Declared himself an adherent of the Lavoisierian School.

         - He showed the value of chlorine for bleaching, and showed ammonia to be a compound of hydrogen and nitrogen.

1791 - Wrote the book 'lmens de l'art de la teinture'.

1794 - Member of the committee on agriculture and the arts, and technical science.

         - He was teacher of chemistry in the polytechnic and normal schools of Paris.

1795 - He took an active part in remodeling the Academy as the Institut National.

1798 - He was one of the bands of scientific men who accompanied Napoleon Bonaparte to Egypt.

1803 - Was the first to note that the completeness of chemical reactions depends in part upon the masses of the reacting substances

         - He wrote 'Essai de statique chimique'.

1814 - He was made a senator and a count by Napoleon, yet voted for his deposition, and on the Bourbon restoration was created a peer.

1822 - Died on the 6th of November in Arcueil, France.

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Page last updated: 10:57pm, 07th Aug '07