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Berlinguer, Enrico

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Born: 1922 AD
Died: 1984 AD, at 62 years of age.

Nationality: Italian
Categories: Politician

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1922 - Born on the 25th of May in Sassari, Italy. Italian politician and a leading spokesman for “national communism”, seeking independence from Moscow and favouring the adaptation of Marxism to local requirements.

1937 - Berlinguer had his first contacts with Sardinian anti-Fascists.

1943 - Entered in the Italian Communist Party.

         - He devoted himself to making the Italian Communist Party a major force in Italian politics.

1944 - Appointed as the national secretariat of the Communist Organisation for Youth (FGCI).

1945 - Sent to Milan, and was appointed to the Central Committee as a member.

1949-1956 - He was named national secretary of the FGCI.

         - President of the World Federation of Democratic Youth.

1957 - Abolished the obligatory visit to the Soviet Union.

1968 - Elected as deputy for the electoral district of Rome.

1969 - He was elected deputy national secretary of the party (the secretary being Luigi Longo).

         - Attended international conference of the Communist parties in Moscow.

1970 - Berlinguer engaged in an unexpected opening towards the world of industry.

1972 - Elected secretary-general of Italian Communist Party.

1973 - Hospitalized after a car accident during a visit to Bulgaria.

1976 - Under his leadership, it won more than a third of the Chamber of Deputies' seats, prompting him to propose the ‘historic compromise’: an alliance of the Catholics with the Communists.

         - He was near to the premiership, but the murder of former prime minister Aldo Moro by Red Brigade guerrillas prompted a shift in popular support towards the socialists.

1977 - Meeting in Madrid with Santiago Carrillo of the Spanish Communist Party.

1980 - Berlinguer made an official visit to China.

1984 - Berlinguer suffered in a brain hemorrhage and died on 11th of June.


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Page last updated: 12:47am, 04th Aug '07