1821 – Born on the 12th of April in Ebersbach, Germany.
1855-1876 – As a conductor of the New York Philharmonic Society orchestra, he helped shape the New York PO into a great orchestra; in particular, he championed Liszt, Berlioz, Wagner and Tchaikovsky.
1859 – He led the German Opera company in the first U.S. performance of Wagner’s "Tannhauser" at the Stadt-Theater.
1865 – He directed the first U.S. performance of Meyerbeer’s "L’Africaine".
1870 – He suffered from alcoholism, but his orchestra members’ affection for him safeguarded his position.
1876 – He died on the 16th of August in New York.