1783 – Born on April 10th in Paris, France. The queen of Holland, stepdaughter of Napoleon I, and mother of Napoleon III.
1799 – Hortense became one of the attractions of the court after Napoleon became first consul of the French.
1802 – To strengthen her position, Joséphine encouraged a marriage between Hortense and Louis Bonaparte, Napoleon’s brother.
– The marriage, although an unhappy one, produced three children, the third of whom, Charles-Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, survived to become Napoleon III.
1806 – Louis became king of Holland, Hortense accompanied him to The Hague.
1810 – Napoleon refused to allow Hortense and Louis a divorce but countenanced their separation when Holland was annexed to France.
– Louis abdicated as King of Holland and settled in Germany; Hortense returned with her sons to France.
1811 – Returning to Paris, Hortense gave birth to a son by her lover, Charles Joseph, the comte de Flahaut; this son, who was adopted by a relative, was the future duc de Mornay.
1814 – When Napoleon was exiled, Hortense, although under the protection of the allies and created duchesse de Saint-Leu, became the centre of Bonapartist intrigue.
1815 – Her support of Napoleon during his return (the Hundred Days) led to her banishment from France.
1817 – Purchased the Château of Arenenberg in the Swiss canton of Thurgau.
1831-1835 – Her memoirs were published (Memoirs of Queen Hortense, 2 vol.).
1837 – Died on October 5th in Arenenberg, Switzerland.