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Beard, Charles Austin

Born: 1874 AD
Died: 1948 AD
1.8 (36%) 5 votes

1874 – Born on November 27th near Knightstown, Indiana. American historian, best-known for his iconoclastic studies of the development of U.S. political institutions.

         – Introduced themes of economic self-interest and economic conflict regarding the adoption of the Constitution and the transformations caused by the Civil War.

1898 – Beard attended DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana, and after his graduation he studied at the University of Oxford.

1899 – Helped found a workingmen’s school in Oxford.

         – Collaborated with John Ruskin at Oxford in the founding of Ruskin House, the first institution of labor education.

1900-1904 – He visited the United States, when he married Mary Ritter, returned to England, and permanently returned to the United States to teach political science at Columbia University.

1913 – He developed a schema of historical explanation that found its most famous expression in An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States.

1915 –  In The Economic Origins of Jeffersonian Democracy, Beard placed somewhat more emphasis on the philosophical context of political struggles, but he nevertheless reaffirmed his view of the importance of economic interests in governmental action.

1917 – Beard resigned from Columbia University in protest against the investigation and dismissal of several faculty members on charges of disloyalty and subversion.

1919 – He was a co-founder of the New School for Social Research in New York City.

1923 – Advised on reconstructing Tokyo after the earthquake.

1927 – Beard and his wife, Mary R. Beard, subsequently produced a monumental synthesis of the history of the United States entitled ‘The Rise of American Civilization, 2 vol.’.

1934 – He began writing a series of books and articles in which he attacked President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s foreign policy.

1939-1942 – He supplemented two more volumes, America in Midpassage and The American Spirit.

1946-1948 – In such books as ‘American Foreign Policy in the Making, 1932–1940 and President Roosevelt’ and the ‘Coming of War, 1941’, he charged Roosevelt with virtually maneuvering the United States into war with Japan.

1948 – Died on September 1st in New Haven, Connecticut.

1.8 (36%) 5 votes