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Bayar, Mahmud Celal (also Jelal Bayar)

Born: 1883 AD
Died: 1986 AD, at 103 years of age.

Nationality: Turkmen
Categories: Politician


1883 - Mahmut Celal Bayar was born 16th of May in Umurbey, a village of Gemlik.


1908 - Joined the volunteer's troop of "İttihad Terakki Cemiyeti" (Committee of Union and Progress), a political organization of Young Turks.


1919 - Elected to the Ottoman Parliament in Istanbul as deputy of Saruhan (today Manisa).


1920 - Went in to Ankara to join Mustafa Kemal by the Turkish Independence Movement.


1921 - Served as deputy Minister of Economy.


         - Appointed as Minister of Economy.


1922 - Bayar took part in the Turkish delegation during the Lausanne Peace Conference as an advisor to İsmet İnönü.


1923 - Served as deputy of İzmir in the parliament.


1924-1932 - Founded Türkiye İş Bankası in Ankara and was its Managing Director.


1937-1939 - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk appointed him as prime minister of the 9th government after İsmet İnönü left the government.


1939 - With Inönü led him to lay down his office on January 25, 1939.


1954-1957 - He was re-elected as President while Adnan Menderes was his prime minister.


1960 - Armed forces staged a coup d'etat and sent Celal Bayar along with Adnan Menderes to a military court.


1961 - He and 15 other party members were tried for violating the constitution and sentenced to death by the

High Court of Justice.


1964 - Sent to jail in Kayseri, but he was released on November 7, 1964 due to ill health and pardoned in 1966.


1986 - He died on 22nd of August in Istanbul.





Page last updated: 9:19am, 05th Dec '06