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Battani, abu-'Abdullah Muhammad ibn-Jabir al- (also Albategni, Albategnius, Albatenius)

Born: 850 AD
Died: 929 AD, at 79 years of age.

Nationality: Saudi
Categories: Astronomers, Mathematicians


Al-Battani was an Arab astronomer/astrologer and mathematician.


850 - Al-Battani was born in Harran near Urfa, which is now in Turkey.


His best-known achievement was the determination of the solar year as being 365 days, 5 hours, 46 minutes and 24 seconds.


Calculated the values for the precession of the equinoxes (54.5" per year, or 1° in 66 years) and the inclination of Earth's axis (23° 35').


Used a uniform rate for precession in his tables, choosing not to adopt the theory of trepidation attributed to his colleague Thabit ibn Qurra.


923 - Al-Battani died in Syria.


The Albategnius crater on the Moon was named after him.





Page last updated: 12:12am, 05th Dec '06