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Barclay de Tolly, Mikhail

Born: 1761 AD
Died: 1818 AD
Nationality: Russian
Categories: Prince

1761 – Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly was born 24th of December in Pamuskis, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (now Zeimiai, Lithuania).

1788-1789 – Barclay served against the Turks, distinguishing himself in the taking of Ochakov and Akkerman.

1790 – Barclay operated against the Swedes.

1798 – Barclay became a Colonel.

1799 – He served as Major General.

1806 – Barclay took a distinguished part in the Battle of Pultusk.  


        –  December he was wounded at the Battle of Eylau.

1807 – He promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General.

1808 – Barclay returned to the army and commanded operations against the Swedes during the Finnish War.

1809 – Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly won the European reputation by a rapid and daring march over the frozen Gulf of Bothnia.

1812 – Barclay assumed the supreme command of the 1st Army of the West, the largest of the Russian armies facing Napoleon.

1813 – He once again became commander-in-chief of the Russian forces at the Battle of Bautzen.

1815 – Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly again served as commander-in-chief of the Russian army, which

invaded France.

1818 – Barclay de Tolly died at Insterburg in Prussia on 26th of May on his way back to Russia.

A grand statue of Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly was erected in front of the Kazan Cathedral in St Petersburg on behest of Emperor Nicholas I.