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Bakhtin, Mikhail Mikhailovich

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Born: 1895 AD
Died: 1975 AD, at 79 years of age.

Nationality: Russian
Categories: Critics, Philosophers

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1895 - Born on the 17th of November in Orel, Russia, outside of Moscow.

 

1913 - Allegedly joined the historical and philological faculty at the local university.

 

1918 - Moved to a small city in western Russia, Nevel, Pskov Oblast, where he worked as a schoolteacher for two years.

 

1919 - His work was published and given the title "Art and Responsibility".

 

1921 - Bakhtin married Elena Aleksandrovna Okoloviè.

 

1923 - Diagnosed with osteomyelitis, a bone disease.

 

1924 - Moved to Leningrad, where he assumed a position at the Historical Institute and provided consulting services for the State Publishing House.

 

1925 - Wrote critical works "Freudianism" (under allonym V. N. Voloshinov).

 

1928 - "The Formal Method in Literary Scholarship" (under allonym P. N. Medvedev).

 

1929 - "Problems of Dostoyevsky's Poetics" (revised 1963).

 

1938 - His leg was amputated due to osteomyelitis, a bone disease.

 


1957 - Became head of the Department of Russian and World Literature.

 

1961 - Bakhtin's deteriorating health forced him to retire.

 

1965 - "Francois Rabelais and the Folk Culture of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance" (also "Rabelais and His World").

 

1968 - Bakhtin's Toward a Philosophy of the Act was first published in Russia in with the title K filosofii postupka.

 

1969 - Bakhtin moved back to Moscow.

 

1973 -  "Questions of Literature and Aesthetics" 1973 (also "The Dialogical Imagination").

 

Studied theme of carnival and Rabelais' laughter motif as reaction against transcendent ideas.

 

He developed notion of heteroglossia, representing dependence of a literary work's language and meaning on the time and place (chronotope) of its composition.

 

1975 - Bakhtin died 7th of March.

 

 


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Page last updated: 6:25pm, 31st Dec '06