1795 – Badger was born in New Bern, North Carolina.
1813 – Graduated at Yale and studied law in Raleigh.
1814 – Studied law and was admitted to the bar Badger practiced law in North Carolina, was active in state politics and held public office on occasion.
1816 – Elected to the state legislature, and devoted the next four years of his life to law and legislation.
1820-1825 – Judge of the North Carolina superior court at Raleigh.
1840 – Prominent advocate of the election of General Harrison to the presidency.
1841 – Appointed secretary of the navy.
1846 – He was elected to Senate.
1848 – He was reelected for a full term.
1853 – President Fillmore nominated him as a judge of the United States Supreme Court.
1861 – When the proposition to hold a convention for the purpose of seceding from the union was submitted to the people of his state, he consented to serve as a union candidate if the convention should be called.
1861 – The convention was finally called, he served in it as a representative from Wake County He spoke ably in defense of the union, and after the ordinance of secession was passed was known as a member of the conservative party.
1795 – He died in Raleigh, North Carolina.