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Aston, Francis William

Born: 1877 AD
Died: 1945 AD
Nationality: English
Categories: Chemists, Physicists

1877 – Born on September 1st in Harborne, Birmingham, England. British physicist who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

         – The Aston dark space in electronic discharges is named after him.

1894 – He entered Mason College, Birmingham where he studied chemistry under Frankland and Tilden, and Physics under Poynting.

1898 – Won the Forster Scholarship and enabled him to work on the optical properties of tartaric acid derivatives.

1903 – He obtained a scholarship to Birmingham University to work on the properties of the Crookes Dark Space in discharge tubes.

1909 – He accepted the invitation of Sir J.J.Thomson to work as his assistant at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, on studies of positive rays.

1919 – He invented the mass spectrograph.

1921 – He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society.

1922 – Won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his development of the mass spectrograph, a device that separates atoms or molecular fragments of different mass and measures those masses with remarkable accuracy.

         – He was awarded the Society’s Hughes Medal.

         – He was also the author of the books Isotopes and of Structural Units of the Material Universe.

1941 – He was Duddell medalist of the Physical Society.

1945 – Died on November 20th in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire.