1853 – Born on February 6th in Edinburgh. Astronomers, professional and nonprofessional alike, and readers of popular and technical books on the science, knew of him as the discoverer of two famous temporary stars-Nova Aurigae and Nova Persei-and of many variable stars as well.
– Thomas Anderson’s interest in astronomy was first aroused by Elizabeth Main, a young woman employed as nurse to the Anderson children.
1869 – He completed his early education at the school then known as the Edinburgh Institution and located in Queen Street, but now known as Melville College.
– He entered the University of Edinburgh.
1874 – He graduated from the University of Edinburgh with first-class honours in Classics.
1880 – Anderson wrote a thesis on "The Latin Conjunctions" which gained for him the Degree of Doctor of Science in Philology.
1901 – Anderson detected the Nova Persei in the early morning of February 22nd, at about 2.40. It was then of magnitude 2-7, and Anderson promptly announced his discovery to Professor Copeland at the Royal Observatory, by this time located on Blackford Hill.
– The Royal Society of Edinburgh conferred on him on July 15th, the Gunning Victoria Jubilee Prize.
1902 – He made the journey to London to receive in person the Jackson-Gwilt Medal and Prize of the Royal Astronomical Society.
1923 – Dr. Anderson announced the discovery of yet another nova. In the early hours of the morning of May 6th, he noticed an unfamiliar star of between the fifth and sixth magnitude in Cygnus, and at once telegraphed the news to Greenwich.
1932 – Died on March 31st at Stuartslaw.