1919 – Anderson was born on a farm in University City, near St. Louis, Missouri.
1943 – Was certified in Meteorology (Masters Degree) from the University of Chicago.
1960 – Anderson earned a Ph.D. in Meteorology from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, being the first African American to earn that degree.
1961 – After the war. he worked at the Chief Cloud Physics Branch at the Air Force Cambridge Research Center, Massachusetts.
1966 – Anderson served as Professor of Meteorology and Chairman of Contemporary Trends Course at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.
1978 – Became the Associate Dean.
– He was a professor in the Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, North Carolina.