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Amado, Jorge

Born: 1912 AD
Died: 2001 AD
Nationality: Brazilian
Categories: Writers

1912 – Born on August 10th in Ferradas, near Ilhéus, Brazil. Brazilian novelist whose stories of life in the Brazilian northeast won international acclaim.

         – Amado grew up on a cacao plantation, Auricídia, and was educated at the Jesuit college in Salvador and studied law at Federal University in Rio de Janeiro.

1930 – Amado became a journalist

1931 – He published his first novel, The Land of Carnaval, was published at age 19.

1933 – He married Matilde Garcia Rosa and they had a daughter named Lila.

– Published his second novel, Cacau.

1935 – Graduated from the National Law School in Rio de Janeiro.

1941 – He was imprisoned and periodically exiled for his leftist activities, and many of his books were banned in Brazil and Portugal.

1942 – The best of these works, Terras do sem fim (The Violent Land), about the struggle of rival planters, has the primitive grandeur of a folk saga.

1945 – Married his second wife, Zélia Gattai.

1946 – His literary career paralleled a career in radical politics that won him election to the Constituent Assembly as a federal deputy representing the Communist Party of Brazil.

1955 – Gave up his political militancy after returning to Brazil, although he did not leave the Communist Party.

1958 – He wrote his novel, "Gabriella, Clove and Cinnamon".

1961 – He was elected to chair number 23 of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, whose patron is José de Alencar.

1966 – ‘Gabriela, cravo e canela’ (Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon) and ‘Dona Flor e seus dois maridos’ (Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands) both preserve Amado’s political attitude in their satire.

1982 – He wrote the novel, "The Swallow and the Tom Cat".

1987 – The Jorge Amado House Foundation officially opened in Salvador, Bahia’s Largo do Pelourinho.

1993 – His later works include Tenda dos milagres (Tent of Miracles), Tiêta do agreste (Tieta, the Goat Girl), Tocaia grande (Show Down), and O Sumiço da santa (The War of the Saints).

2001 – Born on August 6th in Salvador.