1944 – Akayev was born in Kyzyl-Bairak, Kyrgyzstan on November 10, 1944.
1961 – Worked at a local factory as a metalworker.
1967-1976 – Went to Leningrad and was trained as a physicist. Attended and graduated from Leningrad Institute of Precision Mechanics and Optics with an honors degree in computer science, engineering and mathematics. After his graduation he worked at Leningrad Institute as a senior researcher and teacher.
1970 – Married Mairam Akayeva in Leningrad.
1977 – Returned to Kirghizia and became senior professor at the Polytechnic Institute in Frunze.
1981 – Received his doctorate degree from Moscow Institute of Engineering and Physics.
1984 – Became a member of the Kirghiz Academy of Sciences.
1987 – Became a Vice President of the Kirghiz Academy of Sciences.
1989 – Became a President of the Kirghiz Academy of Sciences and was elected as Deputy in the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
1990-2005 – On October 27, 1990, the Supreme Soviet selected Akayev after the disqualifications of the first two candidates, to become the first President of the Republic. President Mikhail Gorbachev offered the post of vice-president of the Soviet Union to Akayev but he refused it. After an uncontested poll on October 12, 1991, Akayev was elected president. During his reign, protest were everywhere. Wide protest were initiated when his 2 children won seats in the 2005 legislative election. On March 23, 2005, Akayev dismissed Interior Minister Bakirdin Subanbekov and General Prosecutor Myktybek Abdyldayev for their poor work in dealing with the widespread protest against him. On March 24, 2005, Akayev and his family fled the country after protesters stormed the presidential compound in Bishkek and seized control of the seat of state power.
2006 – Akayev got a post at Moscow State University where he teaches Math.