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Airy, George Biddell, Sir

Born: 1801 AD
Died: 1892 AD
Nationality: British
Categories: Astronomers

1801 – Airy was born in Northumberland, England on July 27, 1801.

1811 – Attended the Colchester Royal Grammar School and was able to learn arithmetic, double-entry book keeping.

1819 – Airy was able to study at Trinity College in Cambridge as sizar (working student).

1822 – Airy was elected scholar of Trinity.

1823 – Graduated as the top of his class and was able to receive the Smith’s Prize.

1824 – Airy was awarded a fellowship at Trinity College on October 1, 1824.

1825 – Pubished his book Trigonometry.

1826 – Became Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge and an appointed member of the Board of Longitude.

1828 – Elected as the Pulian Professor of Astronomy and Director of the new Cambridge Observatory.

1830 – Married Richarda Smith on March 24, 1830.

1831 – Received the Society’s Copley Medal award.

1834 – Pubished his book Gravitation and became Chairman of the Commission set up to construct Standard Weights and Measures.

1835 – Became Astronomer Royal when he moved to Greenwich. His contributions as a mathematician and astronomer, he improved the orbital theory of Venus and the Moon, made a study on interference fringes in optics, studied and made a mathematical study of the rainbow and computed the density of the Earth by swinging a pendulum at the top and bottom of a deep mine. Elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.

1836 – Elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of London.

1845 – Received the Society’s Royal Medal award and was elected President of Royal Astronomical Society.

1851 – Established a new Prime Meridian at Greenwich.

1866 – Pubished his book Patial Differential Equations.

1871 – Elected President of the Royal Society of London.

1874 – Organised the expedition to observe the transit of Venus.

1892 – Died in Greenwich, England on January 2, 1892.