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Acheson, Dean Gooderham

Born: 1893 AD
Died: 1971 AD
Nationality: American
Categories: Diplomat

 1893 – He was Born on the 11th of April in Middletown, Connecticut.

1912 – He attended Groton School and Yale College for three years.

       – He joined the prestigious secret society, Scroll and Key.

1915 – He became a protégé of professor at Harvard Law School for three years.

1921 – He became a clerk for two terms.

1933 – He worked at a law firm in Washington D.C. Covington & Burling, often
           dealing with international legal issues before Franklin Delamo Roosevelt appointed
           him Undersecretary of the United State Treasury.

1940 – Roosevelt brought him back into government as a senior official of the State

1941 – He designed the American/British/Dutch oil embargo that cut off 95% of Japanese oil
         supplies and escalated the crisis with Japan.

1944 – He played a central role in the Bretton Woods Conference as the head delegate from
           the State Department.

1945 – Harry S. Truman selected him as his Undersecretary of United State Department of State.

1947 – He devised the policy and wrote Truman’s request to Congress for aid to Greece and Turkey.

1949 – He was appointed Secretary of State.

       – He was the main designer of the military alliance North Atlantic Treaty Organization
           and signed the pact for the United States.

1952 – He  returned to his private law practice after the presidential campaign.

1960 – He was a leading member of a bipartisan group of establishment elders known as The
            Wise Men who initially supported the Vietnam War.

1964 – He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

1968 – He turned against it at a critical meeting with President Lyndon Johnson in March.

1970 – He won the Pulitzer Prize for History for his memoirs of his tenure in the State Department.

1971 – He dies of a massive stroke at his farm in Sandy Spring, Maryland, at the age of 78.