1928 – Born on the 25th of June in Moscow, Russian.
1948 – He graduated from the Moscow State University.
– He worked in the Institute for Physical Problems of the USSR Academy
1951 – He received his Ph. D. for the theory of thermal diffusion in plasmas and then the
next degree, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences.
1952 – discovered the way in which magnetic flux can penetrate a superconductor.
1965 – He worked in the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (USSR Academy of Sciences).
– He was a professor of the Moscow State University.
1966 – He was awarded Lenin Prize.
1972 – He won the Fritz London Memorial Prize.
1982 – He won the USSR State Prize.
1987 – He was a academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
1991 – He works in the Materials Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois,
USA on contract basis.
2003 – He was the co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics.