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Abdullah, Muhammad (Sher-e-Kashmir)

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Born: 1905 AD
Died: 1982 AD, at 76 years of age.

Nationality: Indian
Categories: Politicial Adviser

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1905 - Born on December 5 in Soura, Kashmir.

 

1931 - As a student, he founded the Muslim Conference party, agitating against the rule of the Maharaja, and urged self-rule for Kashmir. He married Akbar Jahan, the daughter of Harry Nedou, the European proprietor of a chain of hotels in India including Nedou's hotel in Srinagar, and his Kashmiri wife. In the late 1930s, he was introduced to Jawaharlal Nehru. The two became friends and political allies.

 

1947 - Sheikh Abdullah became the Prime Minister of Kashmir soon after its controversial provisional accession to India. The government of Pakistan viewed Abdullah and his party as agents of Nehru and did not recognise his leadership of Kashmir.

 

1953 - He was dismissed as Prime Minister by the Central Government in Delhi and jailed for eleven years, accused of corruption and separatism. After his release he was reconciled with Nehru.

 

1975 - He returned to mainstream of Indian politics after coming to an accord with Indira Gandhi, then India's prime minister, by giving up the demand for a plebiscite. He returned to the position of Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.

 

1982 - He died on September 8 in Srinagar. He was the leader of the National Conference, Kashmir's largest political party, and one of the most important political figures in the modern history of Jammu and Kashmir.


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Page last updated: 1:44pm, 02nd Nov '06