1961 - He was born in Panjshir, Afghanistan.
1983 - He studied ophthalmology at Kabul University's Department of Medicine and obtained his M.D.
1985 - He worked as an Ophthalmologist in Kabul.
- He worked with Afghan refugees in Pakistan, where he came into contact with the anti-Soviet resistance.
1986 - He became an advisor to Ahmad Shah Masood, who was engaged in anti-Soviet activities.
1988 - He was the foreign minister of the Afghan United Front government.
2001 - He was selected as Foreign Minister for the Interim Administration of Afghanistan.
2004 - He was not removed from his ministerial post after the Presidential Election.
2006 - He lost in a cabinet reshuffle on the 22nd of March.
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