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Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud

Born: 1876 AD
Died: 1953 AD
Nationality: Saudi
Categories: King

1876 – He was born at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

1890 – At the age of fourteen, Saud followed his family into exile in Kuwait following the conquest of the

               family’s lands by the Rashidi.

        – He spent the remainder of his childhood in Kuwait.

1901 – He and some relatives, including a half-brother Mohammed and several cousins, set out on a

             raiding expedition mostly targeting

          tribes associated with the Rashidis.

1902 – On the 15th and 16th of January, together with a party of some sixty, including seven relatives

              and some slaves, he recaptured Riyadh with only twenty.

1904 –  Ibn Rashid appealed to the Ottoman Empire for assistance in defeating the House of Sa’kd.

         – The armies of the House of Saud suffered a major defeat on 15th of June

1912 – He finally consolidated control over the Nejd, with the help of an organized and well-trained army.

        – He founded the Ikhwan, a militant religious organisation which was to assist in his later conquests.

1920 – He argued with the British that the payment he received was insufficient to adequately wage war

            against an enemy as powerful as Ibn Rashed.

1922 – Ibn Sa’kd finally marched again against the Rashidis, extinguishing their dominion.

        – He was able to negotiate a new treaty with the British at Uqair.

1924 – British subsidies continued.

1925 – He captured the holy city of Mecca from Sherif Hussein Ibn Ali ending 700 years of Hashemite tutelage

             of the Islamic holy places.

1926 –  On the 10th of January, he was proclaimed King of the Hejas in the Great Mosque at Mecca.

1927 –   Following the defeat of Husayn, the British government recognized the power of the Saud family, led

              by Ibn Saud, over much of what is today Saudi Arabia.

        – The Treaty of Jedda was signed on the 20th of may.

1929 – He defeated elements of the Ikhwan, which had disobeyed his orders to cease raiding and had invaded

             Iraq against his wishes.

1932 – He renamed the area from the lands of Nejd and Hejas to Saudi Arabia, then proclaimed himself King

              of Saudi Arabia.

1953 – He died on the 9th of november.